手把手教你用词汇提升文章颜值

2017-03-31 15:35

在对雅思托福写作课程的学习中,我想,很多同学被套路化了。他们刻意去最求大词,复合句,长难句,甚至为了达到用大词,写长难句的目的,完全忽视了自己对大词和长难句的驾驭能力,更不惜牺牲文章和段落的统一性,连贯性乃至于无法规则!从而让自己深陷写作的泥潭中不能自拔,甚至有人对写作感到心灰意冷,感觉永无出头之日!对于这些同学的遭遇,欧亚老师只能深表同情,但同时也为他们感到惋惜。


首先,欧亚老师鼓励英语有足够驾驭能力的同学在写作中使用大词和长难句,但是,对于驾驭能力不足的同学,欧亚老师还是建议另辟蹊径,从而提升我们文章的颜值。更何况,任何语言写作的本质就是“用简洁的语言表达丰富的思想”,其本质就是“言简为贵”!任何语言表达的实质都是语言的“经济性”和表达的“有效性”的有机统一!因此,欧亚老师从词汇的使用方面入手,帮大家规避“经济而不有效”或“有效而不经济”的问题。


词性活用


最常见的就是非生命名词做主语(含动名词),名词的动词化活用以及V+N+Prep形式的短语


非生命名词做主语 ,试比较一下三句话


The meeting was put off because he was absent.


The meeting was put off due to the fact that he was absent.


His absence put off the meeting.


毫无疑问,第三句最能体现经济性和有效性的有机结合。


名词的动词化用法,最能体现“小词大用”的原则


Frequent communication bridges two generations.


Invalid communication distances two generations.


Moral education tops the list of parenting.


包含名词的短语动词


make a preparation for >prepare for


make contribution to >contribute to


百变副词


The production of grains goes up steadily year by year.


The production of grains goes up steadily annually.


Her figure is good.


She is physically attractive.


She is miserable and poor.


She is miserably poor.


同根词词性的转换


A. 动词--名词:


That people's mining coal blindly has brought damage to environment has drawn the attention of many countries' government.


The great damage caused by people's blindly mining coal has drawn the attention of governments all over the world.


Do you think his proposal to open the English corner accessible?


Do you think it accessible that he proposes that the English corner be opened.


Experts drew a conclusion that it was a sensible choice to set up a branch in that area.


Experts concluded that it was a sensible choice to set up a branch in that area.


B. 名词--形容词


One of the important goals of school education is to teach students how to think independently.


One of the important goals of school education is to develop students' independent thinking.


The popularity of net chat indicates the teenagers' eagerness to communicate with others.


The protection of passengers' safety should be taken into consideration as an important factor when the traffic regulations are made.


正话反说&正话反说


Finding a dutiful husband is highly important.


  Nothing is more important than finding dutiful husband.


  Nothing is as important as finding dutiful husband.


  Finding a dutiful husband is important to an uncommon degree.


  Lose weight safely and it will never bounce back.


  Lose weight safely and forever.


  I can not stand you temper.


  Your temper is more than I can stand.


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